The high altitudes and undulating terrain of the FCT act as a moderating influence on the weather of the territory. Mamman Jiya Vatsa, 1984 – December 1985 Most of the buildings are modern, reflecting that it is a new city. These are designated as Areas 1 to 11. The FCT Minister appoints members to the Abuja Metropolitan Management Council (AMMC). "Saturday");
Since it was made the capital in 1991, then it has remained the country’s most populous city and this is mainly attributed to its structures, location and the city being well planned.  Another impetus for Abuja came because of Lagos' population boom that made that city overcrowded and conditions squalid. It is a 20-kilometre (12 mi) drive from the central district and contains the largest single housing estate in Nigeria, the Gwarimpa Housing Estate. The second most important post office in the city is here. It was named after Nigeria's first president, Nnamdi Azikiwe. Abuja is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the regional headquarters of OPEC. The People's Democratic Party won the 2013 election, as it had in 2010. The Garki District is the area in the southwest corner of the city, having the Central District to the north and the Asokoro District to the east. Garki uses a distinctive naming convention of "Area" to refer to parts of Garki.  Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock, a 400-metre (1,300 ft) monolith left by water erosion. Markets in Abuja City A few of the other sites worth seeing in the area are the federal secretariats alongside Shehu Shagari Way, Aso Hill, the Abuja Plant Nursery, Eagle Square (which has important historic significance, as it was in this grounds that the present democratic dispensation had its origin on 29 May 1999) and in which all subsequent Presidential Inauguration ceremonies have taken place. The Federal Military Government of Nigeria, promulgated decree No. Abuja is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest.  As Lagos was already undergoing rapid economic development, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country, and hence decided to move its capital to Abuja. Abuja is also linked to Nasarawa, Plateau, Benue and Northeast Nigeria by the A234 Federal Highway, which starts from the city as the Goodluck Jonathan expressway, some portions of which are still under construction.  However, after his election as president, Alhaji Shehu Shagari showed a lot of support for the project and pushed for its early completion. There is a car park at the train station for passengers traveling to the city centre.  Abuja light rail system serves city's centre, Idu industrial neighbourhood and airport, opened in 2018 and became the first rapid transit in the country and in Western Africa. Restaurants in Abuja, International Trade Agreements with Nigeria, You can never fulfill your calling in your comfort zone.  A well-known government office is the Ministry of Defense, colloquially nicknamed "Ship House". , Nigeria's National Assembly Building with the Mace, Glass Dome of Shehu Musa Yar'adua Centre in Abuja, Side view of Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja, At the 2006 census, the city of Abuja had a population of 776,298, making it then the eighth most populous city in Nigeria. An attractive area in the Central District is the region known as the Three Arms Zone, so called because it houses the administrative offices of the executive, legislative and judicial arms of the federal government. Hamza Abdullahi, 1986–1989 , The American International School of Abuja is located in the Durumi District. It is a necessary element in the monumental effort about to be undertaken by the Nigerian people.”, The master plan for Abuja defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are now visible. The tallest building in this district is the Radio House located at the Area 11 sector, which houses the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications, the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) and Voice of Nigeria (VON). John Jatau Kadiya, 1979–1982
Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport is the main airport serving Abuja and the surrounding capital region. It is a planned city, designed as a new national capital city to replace Lagos, and was built mainly in the 1980s, replacing the country's most populous city of Lagos as the capital on 12 December 1991. [failed verification], There are also sixteen districts in Phase 2. Fortunately, some developers of the Mpape district who have building plan approval and have started building maintain their plots and allocations and are covered in the Maitama II District layout. Police commence training for SWATS personnel Monday; #EndSARS: Adeboye’s Wife Donates 3 Trucks of Food, Water to Alausa Protesters; End SARS: Ekiti CP condemns destruction of … In between the two, there is a brief interlude of harmattan occasioned by the northeast trade wind, with the main feature of dust haze and dryness. Numerous buildings of interest are in this area. Maitama 2 as it is unofficially called was created from Mpape hills, a suburb bothering Bwari and Maitama Districts of the FCT.
The indigenous inhabitants of Abuja are the Gbagyi (Gwari), with the Gbagyi language formerly the major of the region language, and others in the area being Bassa, Gwandara, Gade, Dibo, Nupe and Koro. The Wuse Market is Abuja's principal market.  Squatter settlements and towns have spread rapidly in and outside the city limits. Jabi is a developed district in phase 2 of Abuja. The British High Commission is located along Aguiyi Ironsi Way, in Maitama. montharray = new Array("Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", In the preface to the master plan, the following declaration was made by IPA: “The master plan for Abuja the new Capital City of Nigeria represents the culmination of 18 months’ work by the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA) board, several advisory panels consultants. Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai, 2003 – May 2007 Haliru Dantoro, 1983–1984 Gwarimpa is the last district in the Abuja Municipal Area Council. , The FCT is headed by the FCT Minister, Malam Muhammad Bello, who is appointed by central government. The airport has international and domestic terminals. Wuse District is the northwestern part of the city, with the Maitama District to its north and the Central District to its south. Location. This section is usually closed to traffic during the annual Armed Forces Remembrance Day ceremonies that is observed on 15 January. Most countries relocated their embassies to Abuja, and many maintain their former embassies as consulates in Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. It is not clear though if a fresh allocation bearing Maitama II District has been issued this set of allottees. Prayer places in Abuja The city's inland location causes the diurnal temperature variation to be much larger than coastal cities with similar climates such as Lagos. This is distinct from Wuse Zone 2. The firms were Planning Research Corporation (PRC), Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd, and Archisystems (a division of the Hughes Organisation). Niger State to the west, Kaduna State to the north, Nasarawa State to the east and Kogi State to the south. Another open area park is located in Lifecamp Gwarimpa; near the residence of the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. Abuja is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park. Notable landmarks of Maitama 2 district is Jubilation Avenue, Mount Pleasant Haven and Hilltop Estate. Maitama District is home to many of the European and Asian embassies. More detailed design of the central areas of the capital, particularly its monumental core, was accomplished by Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, with his team of city planners at Kenzo Tange and Urtec company. Mamman Kontagora, 1998–1999 Villages around the district are leaving in fear of demolition at any time with the information reaching them that government will commence the infrastructure project of Maitama II District.. Visitors may find this system confusing. On his return, he confided in Alhaji Abubakar Koko his disappointment with the slow progress of work. . "May", "Jun", "Jul", "Aug", "Sept", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec");
Millennium Park was designed by architect Manfredi Nicoletti and was officially opened by the United Kingdom's Queen Elizabeth II (the former Queen of Nigeria) in December 2003. The following are the mayors of Abuja since 1976 to present; Mobolaji Ajose-Adeogun 1976–1979  The city has a large and growing immigrant community consisting mainly of nationals from the ECOWAS sub-region. .  The initial work for Abuja's planning and implementation were carried out by the Military Government of General's Murtala Mohammed and Olusegun Obasanjo and carried over into the Administration of Shehu Shagari. This is the location of the Federal Capital Development Authority and other administrative buildings.
Its borders are the Oladipo Diya Road to the southwest, the Nnamdi Azikiwe Express Way to the northeast, and Ahmadu Bello Way to the southeast. Plans were made to build skyscrapers such as the Millennium Tower which is partly completed as work has stalled for the last few years. Garki II is used to differentiate the area from Garki Area 2. Interesting buildings include the Transcorp Hilton Abuja, Nigerian Communications Commission Headquarters (NCC), National Universities Commission (NUC), Soil Conservation Complex, and Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). Real estate is a major driver of the Abuja economy. The more commercial parts of the area are significantly busier. The FCT experiences three weather conditions annually. It was learnt that plots of land were revoked from allottees of Mpape district to create the new Maitama II District, although a compensation plan is underway to relocate the revoked allottees to another district the government intends to create. It is also a key capital on the African continent due to Nigeria's geo-political influence in regional affairs.
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