Principally a fertility goddess. I would be fibbing if I said I even knew what that really meant, but I accept it with gratitude and renewed surprise each time. The name Pabilsag can be translated as forefather or chief ancestor, and Gavin considers the hunt references to be camouflaging the ancestor’s role “as the guide to the deceased, spiriting away the souls of the dead with the winds, away from the earth and into the heavens above.”, “The themes of death and destruction are very apparent in the astrological lore of Pabilsag. He added arrows, since these would show both his keenness and his swiftness, and he gave him a Satyrus’ tail because the Musae took no less pleasure in Crotus than Liber [Dionysos] did in the Satyri. In some texts the god Ninazu is the son of Nergal and Allatu/Ereshkigal. Nergal's chief temple at Cuthah bore the name Meslam, from which the god receives the designation of Meslamtaeda or Meslamtaea, "the one that rises up from Meslam". Wikipedia, Sumerian god of water, knowledge (gestú), mischief, crafts (gašam), and creation (nudimmud), and one of the Anunnaki. Ordinarily Nergal pairs with his consort Laz. As a fiery god of destruction and war, Nergal doubtless seemed an appropriate choice for the red planet, and he was equated by the Greeks either to the combative demigod Heracles (Latin Hercules) or to the war-god Ares (Latin Mars) -- hence the current name of the planet. Wikipedia, Ancient Mesopotamian god associated with wind, air, earth, and storms. Wikipedia, Deity that was worshipped throughout ancient Mesopotamia (Akkad, Assyria, and Babylonia) with the main seat of his worship at Cuthah represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. Wikipedia, Scarab-faced god in ancient Egyptian religion who represents the rising or morning sun. Gavin goes on to say that though the horse-centaur image can only be traced back to the 2nd millennium BCE, the figure is “undoubtedly older as the constellation name appears in the star-lists of the preceding Old Babylonian period”. The Constellation Guide says that Sagittarius has an association with the god Nergal from the Babylonians. Geshtinanna, the goddess of agriculture, fertility, and dream interpretation. In Babylonian ecclesiastical art the great lion-headed colossi serving as guardians to the temples and palaces seem to symbolise Nergal, just as the bull-headed colossi probably typify Ninurta. The close affinity between Pabilsag and Ninurta may have contributed to these particular identifications, as both the Arrow and the Scorpion’s Stinger are closely associated with Ninurta in astrological lore”. Wikipedia, Ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation. Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. He was placed in the heavens by Zeus at the request of the Muses. Standard iconography pictured Nergal as a lion, and boundary-stone monuments symbolise him with a mace surmounted by the head of a lion. The enchanted talking mace Sharur made its first appearance in Sumerian/Akkadian mythology during the epic of Ninurta. Local associations with his original seat—Kutha—and the conception formed of him as a god of the dead acted in making him feared rather than actively worshipped. As Sositheus, writer of tragedies says, he had his home on Mount Helicon and took his pleasure in the company of the Musae, sometimes even following the pursuit of hunting. He seems to have a touch of St George slaying the dragon that would hold us back, but his roots have a sting in his own tail. Nergal is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the deity of the city of Cuth (Cuthah): "And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal" (2 Kings, 17:30). He does also have rain, thunderstorms, flood, and agriculture/fertility associations. He adds: “Very similar creatures first appear in Akkadian artwork where they can have wings and often have a snake-headed phallus. Wikipedia, God in ancient Roman religion, and a character in Roman mythology. A quick introduction to the Summer Thunder Podcast, and its host, Mo Batchelor. These freedoms were accompanied by a major Assyrian cultural revival, and temples to the Assyrian national gods Ashur, Sin, Hadad, Ishtar, Ninurta, Tammuz and Shamash were once more dedicated throughout Assyria and Upper Mesopotamia during this period. Other stories …… credit him with the role of psychopomp, a guide for the souls of those departing from life”, Renna Shesso, “A Magical Tour of the Night Sky“. Wikipedia, Ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Nergal was also the deity who presides over the netherworld, and who stands at the head of the special pantheon assigned to the government of the dead (supposed to be gathered in a large subterranean cave known as Aralu or Irkalla). Before his feet are a few stars arranged in a circle, which some said were a wreath, thrown off as by one at play.”, Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. Being a deity of the desert, god of fire, which is one of negative aspects of the sun, god of the underworld, and also being a god of one of the religions which rivaled Christianity and Judaism, Nergal was sometimes called a demon and even identified with Satan. Renna Shesso links Sagittarius to the Babylonian Pabilsag, a figure shown with a horses legs, great wings, and a scorpion’s tail, sometimes with a small dog on his back or at the back of his head. He is the son of Enlil and Ninlil. He was fiery, fierce, forceful, and had an association with intentional death, whether by human, divine or demonic hands¹. This all fits those connections with the netherworld and the dead which have also been noted. There are indications that Nergal could fulfil a Mars-like role, and Ninurta a Saturn-like role in ancient Babylonian religion (certainly links with the heavenly bodies). Having a large and influential cult within the Roman Empire in the 2nd century, Glycon had been mentioned earlier by Horace. Successive monarchs such as Tiglath-pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and Ashurbanipal maintained and founded new palaces, as well as temples to Sîn, Ashur, Nergal, Shamash, Ninurta, Ishtar, Tammuz, Nisroch and Nabiu. Wikipedia, Ancient Mesopotamian god of the sun, justice, morality, and truth, and the twin of the goddess Inanna, the Queen of Heaven. Daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. Wikipedia, Ancient snake god. 27, quoted on Theo.com. Described as a god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodic renewal and liberation. Wikipedia, The ancient Sumerian mother goddess of the mountains, and one of the seven great deities of Sumer. Ancient Mesopotamian god associated with farming, healing, hunting, law, scribes, and war who was first worshipped in early Sumer. AMG&G notes syncretisms between Pabilsag and both Ninurta and Nergal, and his functions are suggested as including healing, judgement, war and hunting, plus connection with the otherworld of the dead. Gavin also notes that from the Old Babylonian period Pabilsag is often identified with Ninurta, but little is known about him.
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