Jake: Yeah, it’s great and any time and we’re so appreciative of the recent grant that the NCPTT gave to us for the curriculum we’ve been working on and we’re excited about that, it’s going into the community college this year it looks like and so we feel that the opportunities to train young people through curriculum development gives us another way to reach out to the larger community for the purpose of extending the traditional methodology for preserving earthen architecture, so thanks again to you too. and a little bit of animal dung and made adobe homes out of. Just in a nutshell, just to talk a little bit about that the process and everything, since adobe architecture is made of earth, water is one of the predominant causes for deterioration of an adobe building, and so in a flood incident, it can be catastrophic. What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing?
Why did Indians of desert southwest make their homes of adobe? Now you mentioned moisture as being an issue with earthen architecture, and I know that Cornerstones worked with the community of Hatch, New Mexico when it was devastated by a flooding event. There was nothing but soil,clay, and mud there Jake: The historical of significance of adobe or earthen architecture is pretty broad and I’ll start with that because it sets the context for something about the preservation of earthen architecture.
I mean we certainly like to have volunteers from the community, but we’re a nationally recognized organization so we’ll get inquiries from people coming to the southwest who want to participate in some way, they’re on vacation usually or they’re a university crowd that may be doing a class in the southwest for a semester and they want to do some service learning in a community and we’ll connect them up. Jake: Yeah, you know it’s a very tough question. The multistoried, permanent, attached homes typical of this tradition are modeled after the cliff dwellings built by the Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi) culture beginning in approximately ad 1150. Pueblo architecture, traditional architecture of the Pueblo Indians of the southwestern United States.
Earthen architecture is one of the oldest forms of architecture known to mankind and it’s fairly ubiquitous throughout the world–predominantly in the equatorial regions–but almost every country has a tradition of earthen architecture and it’s generally believed that 50% of people in the world live in earthen architecture structures, so there’s a big broad history–international history. And when we look at America we mostly look in the southwest–although it’s not completely true there’s sod houses in other states and we find adobe architecture in New York State–but predominantly in the southwest. They built homes of adobe brick on cliffs and on mesas in the southwest. One is the modern industrial material such as, let’s say, Portland cement. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Adobe is Spanish for mudbrick, but in some English-speaking regions of Spanish heritage the term is used to refer to any kind of earthen construction.Most adobe buildings are similar in appearance to cob and rammed earth buildings. And so then we had some changes in the 17th c. coming to the southwest New Mexico primarily and later Arizona southern California Texas and in a state like New Mexico you could say that until the 20th c. the predominant architecture was earthen so we have that context here. There’s several challenges. Then the same thing with the walls: we’ll prepare walls and look for structural issues on walls and how to stitch and make those structural repairs.
Miriam: Great. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Download this episode as an mp3 or Subscribe via iTunes. Kevin: Welcome to the Preservation Technology Podcast–the show that brings you the people and projects that are advancing the future of America’s heritage. We really have no skill set requirements. National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, Preservation Technology and Training Grants, Guidelines for Treatment of Cultural Landscapes, “How to Save Your Adobe Home in the Event of a Flood Disaster.”. The Pueblo were cliff dwellers.
The Pueblo Indians of the Southwest built pueblo homes. Adobe (/ ə ˈ d oʊ b i / (); Spanish pronunciation: ) (Arabic: الطوب , romanized: aṭ-ṭūb) is a building material made from earth and organic materials.
Last Brick Laid San Miguel Mission, Santa Fe, New Mexico, photo courtesy Cornerstones. [Draining] would get it out of there as quickly as possible and once the flood has passed, an evaluation of a base of the substructure’s going to be required. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time?
How long will the footprints on the moon last? Cracks may be issues or erosion that’s happened in the wall. Then secondarily, when floodwaters come, there’s a lot of groundwater there and it may have gotten into the building. That’s one of the dominant ones that’s a modern material that has seen widespread use in the 20th c. in all kinds of ways. This material’s not particularly sympathetic with earthen architecture, and so a lot of old historic earthen architecture buildings have been coated with cement stucco and this has not been really positive treatment for earthen architecture buildings, basically because any moisture that gets in the walls of those buildings gets trapped in that cement skin and doesn’t allow it to evaporate out. So it kind of follows the same precepts of other building preservation but it’s just a different material and has its own characteristics that have to be paid attention to. For more information on Cornerstones Community Partnerships, please visit their webpage . We have several other outreach venues: we have interns, we conduct training workshops–but primarily we help communities organize volunteers to get out there and do work. So a lot of times the workshops that are going on in the communities will be a mix of the community people and half the people will be coming from other environments. I know the national center supported Cornerstones in putting out a little booklet called “How to Save Your Adobe Home in the Event of a Flood Disaster.” And for anyone that is interested we still have a number of copies of that to distribute to anyone on request.
Of course it’s a Native American tradition before the Spanish ever came to this region in the 17th c. and you can see examples of that–I think the predominant one that everyone knows so much about is the Casa Grande ruins in Coolidge Arizona which is like a 12th-13th c. puddled earth structure–multi-story–that survived all those centuries and is now a national monument. Jake Barrow mudding a wall at Las Trampas, photo courtesy Jake Barrow. This It really has unsympathetic results, so struggling with building code is an issue throughout the southwest for preserving earthen architecture in addition to incompatible materials. Often times we’re taking cement off. We’re a non-profit, community organization and our mission is community and heritage, and it’s focused on communities and the preservation of their heritage. Homes were stacked one on top of the other, like an apartment …
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